Useful links to other sites related to gorillas

   ♦ General
   ♦ History
In Africa (original habitats) 

      — Eastern Gorillas: Rwanda, Uganda & DR Congo 
      — Western Gorillas: Cameroon
      — Western Gorillas: Gabon & Congo (Republic) 
      — Western Gorillas: Central African Republic 
   ♦ In captivity (husbandry) 
   ♦ Blogs & personal websites
   ♦ Facebook



Gorillas (Gorilla - the genus)
Western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla - the subspecies usually found in zoos) 
Cross River Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli
Eastern Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla beringei graueri) 
Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei)

Scientific classification

List of notable individual gorillas (in English)
List of notable individual gorillas (in German) 

Information on all aspects of the species.

Encyclopedia of Life - Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla
Detailed description and articles.

World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF)
Overview with photos.

Primate Info Net (PIN)
Range, Habitat, Morphology and Ecology
Behavior & Social Organization
Conservation Status & Threats (with links to more articles)

Gorilla Gestural Communication 
Research on gorilla gestures.

Gorilla Nutrition Guide
What they feed on in the wild, and diet recommendations when in captivity.
(Also see Nutritional Disorders.)



The name gorilla was derived from an ancient account by a Carthaginian explorer who sailed along the west coast of Africa nearly 2,500 years ago. However, the modern, "civilised" world has only known of gorillas since the 1850's, less than two hundred years ago. 

Gorilla Discovery Timeline by Craig Woolheater (2006)
The Gorilla (500 BC – 1861 AD)  by theglyptodon (2011)
Discovery Of The Modern Gorilla on Seaworld

The first gorillas in European zoos were Jenny and M'Pungu. They arrived in the second half of the 19th century. Read more about them here or at VDZ (in German). This website also has a brief history of Eastern Gorillas in captivity.

See a chart for the first gorillas in Europe (1855—1928), and a list of the first living gorillas brought to the United States (up to the 1940s), according to David P. Willoughby.

In the 20th century, from the 1920's until the 1990's, some gorillas were kept and displayed in US circuses and roadside zoos, like Noell's Ark, or "performed" in nightclub acts and on TV shows. Among them are John Daniel, Gargantua and Ramar. And here is a chart for the circus gorillas in Europe.

Twins are extremely rare in gorillas. See this chart for the few sets of zoo-born twins.


In Africa (original habitats) 

Range, population estimates & IUCN status of concern (February 2013)
Range     Population Estimates & Concern 
Graphics © Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal (Source) 

Stolen Apes
The illicit trade in Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Bonobos and Orangutans (2013).

Berggorilla & Regenwald Direkthilfe (B&RD)

"Gorillas need the rain forest, and we want to ensure that there is still sufficient rainforest for them in the future. On our website you can read about the situation of the various gorilla populations and how we are supporting the conservation of gorillas and their habitats" (in English & German). 

Eastern Gorillas (Mountain & Grauer's Gorillas): Rwanda, DR Congo & Uganda

Mountain Gorilla Range 
The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International
"The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International is dedicated to the conservation and protection of gorillas and their habitats in Africa. We are committed to promoting continued research on the gorillas and their threatened ecosystems and to providing education about their relevance to the world in which we live."

The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International - Blog 
"Notes from the Field" - Articles and photos, regular updates.

The GRACE Center 
Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education (GRACE) is a rescue center for young  Grauer’s Gorillas in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. 

Virunga National Park
Virunga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, on the border of Uganda and Rwanda.

Senkwekwe Orphan Mountain Gorilla Center 
"Senkwekwe Center is the only facility for critically endangered orphan mountain gorillas in the world, located in Virunga National Park."

Wikipedia: Silverback Senkwekwe and the Senkwekwe Orphan Center (in German)

Gorilla Doctors: Link 1 - Link 2 - Blog
"Gorilla Doctors is dedicated to saving the lives of mountain gorillas through direct healthcare." — Articles and photos, regular updates.

Bwindi Forest National Park
Official website of Bwindi, the primary mountain gorilla habitat in Uganda.

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
The only other mountain gorilla habitat in Uganda, with just one habituated group. 
On Wikipedia (in English - in German)
Articles (in English - in German)

An (incomplete) list of the members of the gorilla groups in Virunga National Park (as of 2010) and in Bwindi National Park (as of 2012).

Wildlife Direct - Gorilla Blog 
Articles and photos on mountain gorilla protection. 

International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) 
"The goal of the IGCP is to ensure the conservation of mountain gorillas and their regional habitat in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo." 

Kahuzi Biega National Park (Parc National de Kahuzi-Biega)
The park in the Eastern DRC is one of the last refuges of the Grauer's Gorilla. 
On WikipediaBlog

Western Gorillas: Cameroon  

Ape Action Africa (Mefou Primate Centre) 
"Ape Action Africa is committed to protecting Cameroon’s great apes through direct action, including rescuing orphaned gorillas, chimpanzees and monkeys."

Limbe Wildlife Centre 
A wildlife rescue and rehabilitation project in the South West Region of Cameroon.

Cross River Gorillas

Cross River Gorillas are found in a small area of the Nigeria-Cameroon border, extending a short distance on either side of the border into the forests of the upper drainage basin of the Cross River. 

The African Conservation Foundation (ACF) aims to raise awareness and funds for the conservation of Africa's most endangered Great Ape. 

Here is an article on Nyango, the only Cross River gorilla in captivity, who was living at the Limbe Wildlife Center from 1994 until her death in 2016, and here is her profile on LWC's website.

Recently declared Cross River gorilla reserves:
Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Takamanda National Park and Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary

Western Gorillas: Gabon & Congo (Republic)

Fernan-Vaz Gorilla Project 
A conservation and rehabilitation project near Loango National Park, Gabon.

Bambidie Gorilla Project
A conservation project in cooperation with a timber company near Lastourville, Gabon.
Also on B&RD (in German). 

Ivindo National Park
Langué Bai is home to the largest population of gorillas in Gabon.

Odzala-Kokoua National Park 
Nearly 500 Western Lowland Gorillas are known to live in Odzala, Republic of Congo.  
On Wikipedia (in English - in German) — Article
Visiting the gorillas: Odzala Wilderness Camps - Ngaga Camp

Batéké Plateau National Park & Lésio-Louna Reserve  
The Aspinall Foundation's reintroduction programs in Gabon and Congo (Republic)
The Lésio-Louna Project's website (in French)


Western Gorillas: Central African Republic

Dzanga-Sangha Reserve ("Bai-Gorillas")
Primate Habituation & Ecotourism Programme in the southwest of the country, bordering Cameroon and the Republic of Congo.
Website — On Wikipedia — On B&RD (in German) 


In Captivity (Husbandry)

The official International Gorilla Studbook is published annually by the Frankfurt Zoo. Until recently, editions up to 2010 were available to anyone at the San Diego Zoo's website. Now the access to all their studbooks is restricted. — For more information regarding the latest edition of the Gorilla Studbook please get in touch.

Unofficial Online Gorilla Studbook by James R. Davis
An interactive database with all studbook information. Listed alphabetically by countries and zoos, as well as by the gorillas' names. Updated monthly. No photos.

Gorillas Land
An interactive database much like the inofficial studbook, but including photos of each gorilla and some general information on each zoo. The site also features a news section (births, transfers, deaths) which is updated regularly.

GAIN (Great Ape Information Network)
An interactive database for gorillas and other great apes living in Japan.

The Gorilla Gazette
A (roughly) annual magazine about "everything gorilla", with a wealth of articles and insider information. Scans (pdf) of the print editions can be downloaded from the magazine's official website (issues 1987 - 2013, complete) or from Primate Info Net (issues 1987 - 2008 only).

The Gorilla Species Survival Plan (SSP) 
A committee of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), the Gorilla SSP serves the 53 accredited institutions housing 353 gorillas in North America, and suggests transfers according to breeding recommendations.
The SSP began in 1981 as a cooperative population management and conservation program for selected endangered species at North American zoos and aquariums. Each SSP carefully manages the breeding of a species in order to maintain a healthy and self-sustaining population that is both genetically diverse and demographically stable.

The SSP's Zoo List of all their institutions housing gorillas, with links to the zoos' websites. 

The European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) 
The equivalent of America's SSP, established in 1985 by the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA). The Gorilla EEP supervises 62 institutions in Europe housing 421 gorillas. Institutions from other regions with smaller and not self-sustaining populations (Australia, Africa, South America) have joined the European programme to ensure the long-term sustainability of their captive populations. Unfortunately the EEP does not share much information about "their" gorillas with the public. 

However, EAZA's quarterly magazine Zooquaria (formerly EAZA News) is available online. Gorillas are featured prominently in issues 71 (3/2010) and 77 (1/2012) (pdf, right-click to download). The latter includes a debate on castration as a management tool.

Zoo Map Europe by Oliver Ramstedt
An interactive map of Europe with links to all zoos housing gorillas, as well as to their respective family trees.


Blogs & Personal Websites

Zoo Chat
A discussion group about gorillas in European zoos, with lots of background information.
Most recent threads: #4 and #5. Go to the last page for the latest news.

Zoo Borns 
Articles and photos about gorilla babies in zoos. 

Lonely Gorillas by Peter Dickinson
Article on solitary zoo gorillas, with photos and videos. 

by Heike M. Meyer
Articles, news and photos from German zoos (in German).

Flachlandgorillas by Juri Ritter
Excellent website (in German) portraying the gorillas in Zurich and Basle. Each gorilla is featured with a biography and photos, including historical ones from the early days of captive gorillas in Switzerland.

Zoo Baby Prints by Windy Sawczyn
A photo diary of the baby gorillas at the North Carolina Zoo, USA.

Gorilla Diaries 
Photos and videos (in Japanese).

Pomáháme gorilám 
Photos and videos, mostly from the Czech Republic.

Russia and Ukraine 
Photos from the Moscow and Kiev Zoo (outdated).



Gorillagruppen in Zoos 
A group about zoo gorillas in Europe and beyond, with photos and videos. The group is currently set to 'closed'. To apply for membership please get in touch with the moderator, Sigrid Nobel.

Gorilla Haven Gorilla Photos
A group "for sharing photos and personal stories about gorillas", moderated by Jane Rasmussen-Dewar. 

Gorillas Land 
The website's Facebook presence – see above.

Amigos de los Gorilas 
"Una pagina dedicada a todos los amantes de los gorilas y de los primates en general para, entre todos, poder conocer mas a estos magnificos animales" (in Spanish).

Pomáháme gorilám 
Gorillas in the Czech Republic (in Czech).

Gorilla Keeper Enrichment
A group "to post and search for gorilla enrichment ideas".

Gorilla Health Garden
"Observing and testing the acceptance of healthy plants by gorillas in human care."


Please note

This website features genealogical charts and "family trees" for gorilla groups in zoos, as well as traditional family trees for some exceptionally remarkable individuals.

All charts and trees are updated on a regular basis.
However, when you follow a link be sure to also read the latest comments as they may contain additional information not yet reflected in the chart itself.

New charts are added frequently, so please check the pages for your favorite zoo occasionally.

Also, check out the Links with lots of useful websites about gorillas, both in the wild and in captivity.